Encyclopedia of the History of Psychological Theories

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert W. Rieber

Sternberg, Robert J.

  • Jennifer Doran
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0463-8_211

Robert Sternberg is a prominent psychological theorist, psychometrician, and active researcher. He is most known for his Triarchic Theory of Intelligence and his work on creativity and love.

Basic Biographical Information

Robert Sternberg was born in Newark, New Jersey. His interest in psychology began at an early age based on his personal experiences. In elementary school, he suffered from severe test anxiety, performing poorly on IQ tests. Wanting to understand his shortcomings, he began to study intelligence testing. In the seventh grade, he found the Stanford–Binet scales in his local library, which he began administering to his classmates. The same year, he created his own intelligence test for his school science project, referred to as the Sternberg Test of Mental Abilities (Spear 2001).

Despite various educational difficulties and discouragement from professors, Sternberg continued to study psychology. He earned an undergraduate degree from Yale University in 1972 under the...

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  1. Glaveanu, V. (2010). Ideas that shape contemporary psychology: Interview with professor Robert Sternberg. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 1, 6–13.Google Scholar
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  6. Sternberg, R. J. (1997). Thinking styles. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Sternberg, R. J. (2003). WICS: A model of leadership in organizations. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 2(4), 386–401.Google Scholar
  8. Sternberg, R. J., & Lubart, T. I. (1995). Defying the crowd: Cultivating creativity in a culture of conformity. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The New School for Social ResearchNew YorkUSA