Encyclopedia of Geobiology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Joachim Reitner, Volker Thiel

Animal Biocalcification, Evolution

  • Gert Wörheide
  • Daniel J. Jackson
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9212-1_32

Definition

SOM. Soluble organic matrix

IOM. Insoluble organic matrix

GRN. Gene regulatory network

Introduction

One of the major events in the evolution of multicellular animals was the transition from soft-bodied organisms to those that possessed mineralized hard parts for protection and support. This major evolutionary hallmark supported the rapid diversification of animals and their occupation of a diverse range of novel ecological niches at the dawn of the Phanerozoic, between 560 and 530 million years ago, when mineralized skeletons appeared relatively synchronous in a variety of Phyla during the so-called Cambrian Explosion (Knoll, 2003; Conway Morris, 2006). However, it is still unclear exactly what drove this sudden capacity to construct mineralized structures, be it changes in ocean chemistry (Brennan et al., 2004) or the evolution of more diverse ecologies (Cohen, 2005), including predators (Vermeij, 1989). Investigation of biomineralization processes will provide insight...

Keywords

Calcium Carbonate Ocean Acidification Biomineralization Process Organic Macromolecule Coralline Sponge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gert Wörheide
    • 1
  • Daniel J. Jackson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences Palaeontology and GeobiologyLudwig-Maximilians-Universität MünchenMünchenGermany
  2. 2.Courant Research Center GeobiologyUniversity of GöttingenGöttingenGermany