Encyclopedia of Geobiology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Joachim Reitner, Volker Thiel

Acid Rock Drainage

  • Lesley A. Warren
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9212-1_3

Synonyms

Acid mine drainage; AMD; ARD

Definition

Acid mine and acid rock drainage (AMD/ARD) refer to the extremely acidic (pH < 3), metal-rich waters that are derived from the weathering of sulfidic minerals when exposed to air, water, and microorganisms (Figure 1; Nordstrom and Alpers, 1999; Bond et al., 2000): Open image in new window

Keywords

Acid Mine Drainage Ferric Iron Acidithiobacillus Ferrooxidans Permeable Reactive Barrier Iron Sulfide Formation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Bibliography

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lesley A. Warren
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Geography and Earth SciencesMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada