Destruction of rocks and minerals by biological activities has been termed bioerosion (Neumann, 1966). It includes mechanical as well as chemical effects, that is, bioabrasion and biocorrosion (Schneider, 1976; Golubic and Schneider, 1979). However, both the processes often co-occur; they are functionally interconnected and mutually supportive. Biocorrosion can result from the activity of macro- or microorganisms and, thus, is called macrobiocorrosion and microbiocorrosion. Microbiocorrosion can also be closely associated with microbial rock formation and consolidation in stromatolitic structures (Reid et al., 2000; Macintyre et al., 2000; Garcia-Pichel et al., 2004; Dupraz and Visscher, 2005). In fact, the oldest known fossils of microboring organisms were located in lithified horizons of silicified stromatolites (Zhang and Golubic, 1987).
KeywordsBiological Activity Chemical Effect Rock Formation Microboring Organism Stromatolitic Structure
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