Encyclopedia of Geobiology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Joachim Reitner, Volker Thiel

Bacterioplankton

  • Thomas Pommier
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9212-1_18

Synonyms

Aquatic bacteria

Definition

Bacterial component of the plankton that drifts in the water column of both seawater and freshwater ecosystems.

Introduction

The name bacterioplankton comes from the association of the Greek word πλαγκτος  “planktós,” meaning “wanderer” or “drifter,” and bacterium, a word coined in the nineteenth century by Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg (Thurman, 1997). In contrast to land, microbes drive the ecology of the aquatic environments both as producers and consumers of fixed carbon. Their colossal biomass vastly outreaches the ones of all other members of the oceanic and freshwaters biota. Considering its size, the Ocean encompasses more bacteria than the count of known stars (estimated to 1021) in the Universe. Though its role in aquatic ecosystems was for long eluded, the bacterioplankton carries out the largest fraction of the biological activity and occupies a range of ecological niches.

Enumeration and description

Since the beginning of microbiology,...

Keywords

Dissolve Organic Matter Dissolve Organic Matter Bacterioplankton Community Heterotrophic Bacterioplankton Oceanic Primary Production 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Pommier
    • 1
  1. 1.Microbial Ecology Centre UMR 5557 CNRS-Université Lyon 1; USC 1193 INRACNRS-Université lyonVilleurbanneFrance