Encyclopedia of Geobiology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Joachim Reitner, Volker Thiel


  • Joachim Reitner
  • Volker Thiel
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9212-1_175

Reefs are laterally confined submarine carbonate structures developed by the growth or activity of sessile benthic aquatic organisms, such as corals, bryozoans, sponges, algae, and microbes (Flügel and Kiessling, 2002). See entry “ Carbonate Environments” for further reading and classification.


Aquatic Organism Carbonate Structure Carbonate Environment Submarine Carbonate Benthic Aquatic Organism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Flügel, E., and Kiessling, W., 2002. A new look at ancient reefs. In Kiessling, W., Flügel, E., and Golonka, J. (eds.), Phanerozoic Reef Patterns. Tulsa, OK: SEPM Special Publication Series No. 72, pp. 3–20.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joachim Reitner
    • 1
  • Volker Thiel
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GöttingenGöttingenGermany