Encyclopedia of Geobiology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Joachim Reitner, Volker Thiel

Radiolaria

  • Volker Thiel
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9212-1_172

Radiolaria are planktonic marine protozoa showing unicellular organization and heterotrophic mode of nutrition. They build tests varying in shape from simple scattered spicules to highly ornated geometric-shaped shells (Adl et al., 2005). Sizes usually range from hundredths to tenths of millimeters. The tests are made from opal (hydrated silica), some from silica and organic material, and some from strontium sulphate. The name “Radiolaria” derives from the marked radial skeletal spines that characterize many species. Radiolarians are known from the very beginning of the Paleozoic (early Cambrian of the Yangtze Platform; Braun et al., 2007). They are important index fossils and may significantly contribute to marine silica-rich sediments. Radiolarian cherts (radiolarites), a variety of chert (see entry  Cherts) composed of radiolarian remains, indicate deep water deposition at depths below which siliceous sediments are stable, but carbonates are dissolved. See entry “ Protozoa...

Keywords

Organic Material Deep Water Important Index Yangtze Platform Siliceous Sediment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Bibliography

  1. Adl, S. M., Simpson, A. G. B., Farmer, M. A., Anderson, R. A., Anderson, O. R., Barta, J. R., Bowser, S. S., Brugerolle, G., Fensome, R. A., Fredericq, S., James, T. Y., Karpov, S., Kugrens, P., Krug, J., Lane, C. E., Lewis, L. A., Lodge, J., Lynn, D. H., Mann, D. G., McCourt, R. M., Mendoza, L., Moestrup, Ø., Mozley-Standrisge, S. E., Nerad, T. A., Shearer, C. A., Smirnov, A. V., Spiegel, F. W., and Taylor, M. F. J. R., 2005. The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 52, 399–451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Braun, A., Chen, J., Waloszek, D., Maas, A., 2007. First Early Cambrian Radiolaria. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 286, 143–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Volker Thiel
    • 1
  1. 1.Geobiology Group Geoscience CenterUniversity of GöttingenGöttingenGermany