Encyclopedia of Geobiology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Joachim Reitner, Volker Thiel

Hot Springs and Geysers

  • Brian Jones
  • Robin W. Renaut
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9212-1_103

Definition

A hot spring is a discharge of hot (>35–40°C) water from a vent at the Earth’s surface.

A geyser is a  hot spring characterized by intermittent, turbulent discharges of boiling water and steam.

Asublacustrine hot spring is a hot spring that discharges from the floor of a lake.

Introduction

A hot spring is characterized by discharge of hot water from a vent. There is, however, no universally accepted definition of “hot” and the temperature for distinguishing a “warm spring” from a “hot spring” remains contentious (Pentecost et al., 2003). In general usage, a hot spring is one with vent water temperature between about 40°C and boiling point (Renaut and Jones, 2000). It must be remembered, however, that boiling temperature changes with altitude; thus, boiling in Yellowstone National Park occurs at ∼92°C, whereas in New Zealand geothermal areas, which lie closer to sea level, it is at ∼100°C.

The term “geyser” is derived from “Geysir,” located in southwest Iceland. First...

Keywords

Meteoric Water Spring Water Plumbing System Geothermal Area Extant Taxon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Jones
    • 1
  • Robin W. Renaut
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Earth and Atmospheric SciencesUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  2. 2.Department of Geological SciencesUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada