Encyclopedia of Geobiology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Joachim Reitner, Volker Thiel

Anaerobic Oxidation of Methane with Sulfate

  • Katrin Knittel
  • Antje Boetius
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9212-1_10

Definition

Anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM): microbially mediated oxidation of methane to CO2 by electron acceptors other than oxygen.

Introduction

Methane is the most abundant hydrocarbon in the atmosphere, and an important greenhouse gas (see Methane, Origin). A great deal of research has focused on the cause and climatic consequences of the variation in fluxes of methane to the atmosphere, throughout the Earth’s history. Three key functional groups of microbial organisms play a central role in regulating the fluxes of methane on the Earth, namely the methanogens, the aerobic methanotrophic bacteria, and the more recently discovered anaerobic methanotrophic archaea (ANME) . It is estimated that AOM is a major sink for methane on the Earth, and of similar relevance as its photooxidation in the atmosphere (Hinrichs and Boetius, 2002; Reeburgh, 2007).

Today, most methane is produced by methanogenesis, i.e., the final step in the fermentation of organic matter taking place in soils,...

Keywords

Methane Hydrate Cold Seep mcrA Gene Methane Seep Hydrate Ridge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katrin Knittel
    • 1
  • Antje Boetius
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Molecular EcologyMax Planck Institute for Marine MicrobiologyBremenGermany