Encyclopedia of Global Justice

2011 Edition
| Editors: Deen K. Chatterjee

United Nations: Reform

  • Lynette E. Sieger
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9160-5_752

The United Nations (UN) is regarded as the foremost legitimate political institution in the sphere of global justice. With membership which spans across 192 states (atthe time of this publication) and specialized agencies in the fields of health, aviation, labor, food and agriculture, and trade and development, among others, the UN is unparalleled in its reach and capacity to shape and regulate international rules of engagement in trade, development, human rights, and conflict. The structure and focus of the UN is heavily influenced by post World War II conditions. The victors of WWII and including France created Permanent Member status holding the exclusive power of veto over all other Member States on the UN Security Council. Emerging from two World Wars, the central focus of the UN was to prevent interstate war and protect the sovereign right of states from external interference. With the collapse of the Cold War new opportunities and challenges emerged for the UN.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lynette E. Sieger
    • 1
  1. 1.Gallatin SchoolNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA