Does it matter, morally speaking, whether a person (agent) is born male or female; into a wealthy or underprivileged family; into a Christian, Muslim, or nondenominational family; in a particular country or even in a particular part of a country or city? Most political philosophers argue that such arbitrary matters are irrelevant from a moral perspective. All persons have equal moral status. Such factors are a matter of luck. Luck, good and bad, is a fact of human life. However, if any of these factors, or any factors grounded in luck, affect a person’s life prospects and interests then, so the luck egalitarian argument goes, they do matter from the perspective of justice and it is a function of justice to neutralize or nullify the affects of such bad luck.
This entry explores the idea of luck egalitarianism, its origins, and its role in the literature on global justice. The first section briefly addresses the question: What is luck egalitarianism? The second section examines debates...
- Arneson R (2004) Luck egalitarianism interpreted and defended. Philos Top 32(1):1–20Google Scholar
- Barry B (1995) Justice as impartiality. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
- Beitz C (1979) Political theory and international relations. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJGoogle Scholar
- Dworkin R (1981) What is equality? II. Equality of resources. Philos Public Aff 10:283–345Google Scholar
- Dworkin R (2000) Sovereign virtue. Harvard University Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Lang G (2006) Luck egalitarianism and the see-saw objection. Am Philos Quart 47(1):43–56Google Scholar
- Lippert-Rasmussen K (2005) Justice and bad luck. In: Stanford encyclopedia of philosophyGoogle Scholar
- Pogge T (1989) Realizing Rawls. Cornell, IthacaGoogle Scholar
- Pogge T (2004) Assisting the global poor. In: Chatterjee D (ed) The ethics of assistance: morality and the distant needy. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
- Pogge T (2010) Politics as usual. Polity Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
- Rawls J (1971) Theory of justice. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Rawls J (1999) Law of peoples. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar