In modern political philosophy, the term “liberal pluralism” refers to theoretical efforts to reconcile liberalism, in its broad philosophical sense, with value pluralism. With regard to global justice, such considerations are of great concern, because of the ascendency of diverse religious and cultural value systems in modern societies. As a political system, liberalism endorses the primacy of human autonomy and the need to defend such autonomy from any authoritative orthodoxy. This includes defending the choice to peacefully affiliate with groups that may, in some regards, advocate illiberal values in their prevailing attitudes. Such values are tolerated in liberal societies so long as they are peacefully expressed, because traditionally liberalism has sought comprehensive philosophical foundations broadly supporting freedom of conscience.
Traditional Comprehensive Foundations of Liberalism
Philosophically speaking, enlightenment-style liberalism champions a conception of autonomy...
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