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Armed Conflict: Effect on Women

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War affects women and girls by killing, displacing, and impoverishing them, and subjecting them to sexual violence and enslavement. In modern wars, civilians are killed at far higher rates than combatants; women and children are the majority of civilians killed. As war disrupts social, economic, and gender hierarchies, women also take on economic and political responsibility as heads of households and communities, and as leaders in peace and reconciliation projects. Global justice frames concern about women in multinational conflicts as refugees and as targets of violence that is punishable under international humanitarian law and the laws of war. Although women in conflict and post-conflict situations often lack institutional resources to address their concerns, international treaties have brought some measure of global justice to them.

A traditional image is that women stand outside armed conflicts, and men protect them. Rather, women generally provide for their own survival and that...

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© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

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Rivera, L. (2011). Armed Conflict: Effect on Women. In: Chatterjee, D.K. (eds) Encyclopedia of Global Justice. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9160-5_217

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