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Basic Rights

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Introduction

Basic rights are a category within human rights that cover the strongest rights claims. A list of basic rights might include: food, water, sanitation, clothing, protection from unwarranted bodily harm, basic health care, primary and secondary education, liberty rights, and the autonomy (and opportunity) to do with one’s life as she likes. This is a large list. Which of these rights are most basic? Which stand out before the others? In order to answer this question, we must examine first the definition of a claim right and then how it is justified.

What Is a Claim Right?

Claims rights are legitimate claims that an agent may make to some other agent or community for particular goods. Since rights claims are always against some responding party, it is important to distinguish two different conceptions about who might have the correlative duties that correspond to the legitimate basic rights claims. On the one hand are those supporting a nationalist perspective (such as John...

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© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

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Boylan, M. (2011). Basic Rights. In: Chatterjee, D.K. (eds) Encyclopedia of Global Justice. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9160-5_120

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