Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms

2010 Edition
| Editors: Eric C. F. Bird

Alabama

  • Ervin Otvos
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8639-7_9

Introduction

Alabama has an embayed mainland coast with broad lagoons, including Mobile Bay and Perdido Bay, behind a sandy barrier island (Dauphin Island) that continues eastward as the Morgan Peninsula, extending to the Florida border ( Fig. 1.8.1). Much of the coastal plain is occupied by the dissected Upland Surface, underlain by late Pliocene deposits. Bluff-bounded, deeply incised wide valleys in the Mobile-Tensaw River system are associated with extensive valley-floor wetlands and a large marshy delta at the head of Mobile Bay. The narrow Holocene coastal plain east of Mobile Bay includes a beach ridge complex, interspersed with narrow lagoons, inlets, paralic lakes and marshes. The outer coast is bordered by a sandy barrier beach, 20 km long and 2–4 km wide, with dunes on the Morgan Peninsula. A large compound barrier spit at the mouth of the bay has narrowed the entrance to Mobile Bay.

Keywords

Clay Depression Beach Silt Holocene 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Otvos EG (2004) Lithofacies and depositional environments of the Pliocene Citronelle formation, Gulf of Mexico coastal plain. Southeast Geol 20:1–20Google Scholar
  2. Otvos EG (2005) Coastal barriers, Gulf of Mexico: Holocene evolution and chronology. J Coastal Res SI-42:141–163Google Scholar
  3. Otvos EG, Carter GA (2008) Hurricane degradation-barrier development cycles, northeastern Gulf of Mexico: Landform evolution and island chain history. J Coastal Res 24:463–478CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Rodriguez AB, Meyer CT (2006) Sea-level variations during the Holocene deduced from the morphologic and stratigraphic evolution of Morgan Peninsula, Alabama, U.S.A. J Sed Res 76:257–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ervin Otvos
    • 1
  1. 1.University of SouthernMississippiUSA