Other Atlantic Ocean Islands
Reference work entry
The Atlantic Ocean islands fall into three groups ( Fig. 6.5.1): those that lie on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, from Iceland south to Bouvet Island; those that lie on the American shelves to the west, such as Bermuda and the Falkland Islands; and those that lie on rises and the Eurafrican Shelf to the east, from the Faeroes south to the islands in the Gulf of Guinea. In stark contrast with the low coral islands and cays of both Indian and Pacific oceans, the Atlantic is mainly characterised by high islands, many of them of volcanic origin. Although extensive in Caribbean waters, in general, coral reefs are poorly developed in the Atlantic Ocean and even the Atol das Rocas, off Brazil, is not a true coral atoll.
KeywordsSandy Beach South Coast North Coast Volcanic Island South Shetland Island
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
- Guilcher A, Battistini R (1982) Erosional and constructional shore platforms and ancient beaches in the Azores. (in French). Revista Portuguesa de Geografia 15:221–242Google Scholar
- Hansom JD, Gordon JE (1998) Antarctic environments and resources: a geographical perspective. Longman, London, 402pGoogle Scholar
- King RL (2001) A glacial origin for Sable Island. Geological Survey of Canada, Current Research D19:18Google Scholar
- Mitchell-Thome RC (1970) Geology of the South Atlantic Islands. Beitrage zur Regionalen Geologie der Erde, 10. Gerbrüder Borntraeger, BerlinGoogle Scholar
- Mitchell-Thome RC (1976) Geology of the Middle Atlantic Islands. Beitrage zur Regionalen Geologie der Erde, 12. Gerbrüder Borntraeger, BerlinGoogle Scholar
- Vacher L (1973) Coastal dunes of younger Bermuda. In: Coates DR (ed) Coastal geomorphology. George Allen & Unwin, London, pp 355–391Google Scholar
© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010