Bermuda consists of a group of about 150 small limestone islands in the west Atlantic (32°20' N, 64° 45' W), just over 1,000 km east of Cape Hatteras. They are situated near the south-eastern margin of the submerged Bermuda Platform on part of a narrow submerged reef that encircles a lagoon up to 16 m deep. They have a total area of 54 km2and are in the form of an italic J, with a 103 km coastline, the longest segment of which faces SSE. The Main Island is 36 km long and generally 2–3 km wide, running WSW-ENE, with a curving southwestern extension round to the Ireland islands, sheltering Great Sound and Little Sound, a recurved inner ridge on which the little city of Hamilton stands, and narrow strips enclosing three large lagoons, Harrington Sound, Castle Harbour and St George’s Harbour, at the northeastern end. Fort St. Catherine stands on the northernmost point. There are many sites of scientific interest around the island coasts, but visitors should be warned that...
KeywordsCoral Reef Marine Transgression Tectonic Subsidence Navigation Channel Island Coast
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