Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms

2010 Edition
| Editors: Eric C. F. Bird

Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic)

  • Anja Scheffers
  • Tony Browne
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8639-7_47


Hispaniola is a mountainous island about 660 km long and up to 260 km wide, with the Dominican Republic in the east and Haiti in the west. It has many features in common with the islands of Cuba and Jamaica to the west and Puerto Rico to the east, the island group forming the Greater Antilles. Four nearly parallel WNW-trending mountain ranges are separated by relatively narrow, alluvial-filled, longitudinal structural depressions ( Fig. 5.3.1). Coastal plains are also found, and are most extensive on the southeast coast of the Dominican Republic. In Haiti, where the mountains frequently come close to the shore, the area of coastal plain is relatively small. This account is based on a review by Alexander ( 1985).


Coral Reef Dominican Republic South Coast North Coast Marine Terrace 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Alexander CS (1985) Hispaniola. In: Bird ECF, Schwartz ML (eds) The World’s Coastline. Van Nostrand Reinhold, Stroudsburg, pp 181–185Google Scholar
  2. Barrett W (1962) Emerged and submerged shorelines of the Dominican Republic. Instituto Pan Americano de Geographie e Historie. Geogr Rev 30:51–77Google Scholar
  3. Bowen C (1975) The geology of Hispaniola. In: Nairn EM, Stehli EG (eds) The Ocean Basins and Margin, 3: the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. Plenum, New York, pp 501––522Google Scholar
  4. Cambers G, James A (1994) Sandy coast monitoring: the Dominican example 1987–1992 UNESCO Reports in Marine Sciences 63Google Scholar
  5. Dodge RE, Fairbanks RG, Benninger LK, Maurrasse E (1983) Pleistocene sea levels from raised coral reefs of Haiti. Science 219:1423–1425CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anja Scheffers
    • 1
  • Tony Browne
    • 1
  1. 1.Southern Cross University Australia