Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic)
Reference work entry
Hispaniola is a mountainous island about 660 km long and up to 260 km wide, with the Dominican Republic in the east and Haiti in the west. It has many features in common with the islands of Cuba and Jamaica to the west and Puerto Rico to the east, the island group forming the Greater Antilles. Four nearly parallel WNW-trending mountain ranges are separated by relatively narrow, alluvial-filled, longitudinal structural depressions ( Fig. 5.3.1). Coastal plains are also found, and are most extensive on the southeast coast of the Dominican Republic. In Haiti, where the mountains frequently come close to the shore, the area of coastal plain is relatively small. This account is based on a review by Alexander ( 1985).
KeywordsCoral Reef Dominican Republic South Coast North Coast Marine Terrace
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