Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms

2010 Edition
| Editors: Eric C. F. Bird

Mexico, Caribbean Coast

  • Mario Gutiérrez-Estrada
  • Mario Arturo Ortiz-Perez
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8639-7_43

Introduction

The Caribbean coast of Mexico is about 2,300 km long. The NE trade winds blow onshore from the Caribbean and produce waves on the Mexican coast. There are occasional hurricanes.

Tide ranges are smaller than on the Pacific coast. On the Gulf Coast Campeche has a mean tide range of 0.3 m, Veracruz 0.5 m, Tuxpan 0.9 m and Tampico 0.4 m.

The Caribbean coast is classified as a marginal sea (Inman and Nordstrom 1971; Carranza et al. 1975), and includes the low-lying Yucatan Peninsula. This passes westward to a coastal plain with broad Quaternary alluvial terraces, which varies in width from almost zero where the San Andres Tuxtla and Jalapa highlands reach the coast to about 150 km near the major rivers. It is backed by the Sierra Madre foothills. The continental shelf is wide off Tabasco out to the Campeche Banks, and narrows from Veracruz to Tampico.

The eastern shore of the gently rolling, karstic Yucatan Peninsula is irregular and indented by bays backed by extensive swamps....

Keywords

Coral Reef Coastal Plain Yucatan Peninsula Caribbean Coast Shallow Lagoon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Carranza-Edwards A, Gutierrez-Estrada AM, Rodriguez-Torres R (1975) Morphotectonic units of the Mexican coast (in Spanish). An Centro Cienc del Mar y Limnologia, Univ Nal Auton Mexico 2:81–88Google Scholar
  2. Gutierrez-Estrada M (1982) Geomorphology and Recent sediments of the Atasa-Pom lagoon system, Campeche, Mexico (in Spanish). An Centro Cienc del Mary Limnologia, Univ Nal Auton Mexico 9:89–100Google Scholar
  3. Inman DL, Nordstrom CE (1971) On the tectonic and morphological classification of coasts. J Geol 79:1–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Murray GE (1961) Geology of the Atlantic and Gulf coastal province of North America. Harper, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Psuty NP (1966) The geomorphology of beach ridges in Tabasco, Mexico. Louisiana State University Coastal Studies Institute, Technical Report 30:1–51Google Scholar
  6. Thom BG (1967) Mangrove ecology and deltaic geomorphology: Tabasco, Mexico. J Ecol 55:301–343CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mario Gutiérrez-Estrada
    • 1
  • Mario Arturo Ortiz-Perez
    • 1
  1. 1.Ciudad UniversiteriaMexico City