Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms

2010 Edition
| Editors: Eric C. F. Bird

Peru

  • Vidal Taype Ramos
  • Eric Bird
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8639-7_32

Introduction

The coastline of Peru ( Fig. 4.2.1), just over 2,300 km long, is notably arid (Dresch 1961). Mean annual rainfall at coastal centres is low (Chiclayo 15 mm, Trujillo 28 mm, Lima 31 mm and Mollendo 22 mm) and variable; desiccation is intense between the occasional rains. This is because coast­­al waters are abnormally cool for the latitude (4°–18° S), due to the upwelling of cold water from oceanic depths as a result of trade winds blowing offshore. Sea breezes keep the coastal fringe cool, with frequent fogs but very little precipitation. Vegetation is consequently very sparse, and desert landscapes predominate.

Keywords

Sandy Beach Tectonic Uplift Beach Ridge Mesozoic Rock Shore Platform 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Bosworth TO (1922) Geology and palaeontology of Northwest Peru. Macmillan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. Dresch J (1961) Observations sur le désert cotier du Perou. Ann Géog 70:179–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Kellog JN, Mohriak WU (2001) The tectonic and geological environment of coastal South America. In: Seeliger U, Kjerfve B (eds) Coastal marine ecosystems of Latin America. Ecological Studies 144:1–16Google Scholar
  4. Noble DC, McKee EH, Megard F (1978) Eocene uplift and unroofing of the coastal batholith near Lima, Peru. J Geol 86:403–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Wells LE (1996) The Santa beach ridge complex: sea-level and progradational history of an open gravel coast in central Peru. J Coastal Res 12:1–17Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vidal Taype Ramos
    • 1
  • Eric Bird
    • 2
  1. 1.Pan-American InstituteLimaPeru
  2. 2.GeostudiesMelbourneAustralia