Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms

2010 Edition
| Editors: Eric C. F. Bird

New Zealand

  • Terry Healy
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8639-7_243

Introduction

The diversity of coastal geomorphology and sedimentary deposits on the 18,000 km New Zealand coastline has evolved from a combination of geological structure, tectonic and seismic history, lithology, a mid-latitude oceanic setting for wave and tidal processes, Pleistocene events, and climatic influences.
  1. 1.

    Geological structure and lithology. A series of lineal axial ranges comprise the essential structural backbone of New Zealand. In the North Island these consist of lightly metamorphosed and intensely jointed Mesozoic greywacke, and in the South Island, of greywackes and metamorphosed Palaeozoic schists of Otago and the alpine fault zone through to gneiss and granodiorites of south Westland. On-lapping the axial ranges are ­younger Tertiary rocks, predominantly soft clay-rich siltstones and some limestones, while ancient volcanic mounds punctuate the landscape. In the central North Island the active Taupo Volcanic Zone stretches from Lake Taupo to beyond the Bay of...

Keywords

Wave Climate Intertidal Flat Dune Ridge Cliffed Coast Taupo Volcanic Zone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Terry Healy
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Waikato New Zealand