Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms

2010 Edition
| Editors: Eric C. F. Bird


  • Joanna Ellison
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8639-7_242


While the main island of Tasmania lies between 39° 40ʹ and 43° 20ʹ S, this only island state of Australia extends nearly to the Victoria coastline because it includes the large Bass Strait Islands of King and Flinders, as well as 233 smaller islands (Brothers et al. 2001) and the southern outlier Macquarie Island at 54° 30ʹ S. As an island state Tasmania has more coastline per unit land area than others, with a total coastal length of 6,473 km, excluding Macquarie Island, and no location more than 115 km from the coast. The main island coastline, some 2,236 km in length, exhibits strong contrasts in environmental geomorphology in response to wide variations in geological structure and exposure.

Coastal Morphology of Tasmania

Tasmania has a cool temperate climate, with prevailing winds and swell approaching from the west and southwest, which can be of very high energy owing to storm generation on the Antarctic Polar Front and uninterrupted fetch. The swell is refracted...


Fault Scarp East Australian Current Sand Barrier Longitudinal Dune Drown River Valley 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joanna Ellison
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TasmaniaLauncestonTasmania