Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms

2010 Edition
| Editors: Eric C. F. Bird

Victoria: The East Gippsland Coast (Corner Inlet to Cape Howe)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8639-7_240


East from Corner Inlet the escarpment bounding the South Gippsland Highlands, on Cretaceous rocks along the Gelliondale Monocline, recedes behind a widening coastal plain of Pliocene and Pleistocene sands and clays. This plain is crossed by Tarra River, Bruthen Creek, Merrimans Creek and some smaller streams, and shows scarps and undulations that may be the result of Pleistocene and Holocene tectonic movements.

They include the Lake Wellington depression to the NE, part of the down-warped zone occupied by the Gippsland Lakes. Between Yarram and Woodside, and NE to Sale and Bairnsdale, the landscape carries scattered ridges of Pleistocene quartzose dune sand, often of parabolic form, which may have been coastal sand barriers rearranged by westerly winds during a more arid period (Jenkin 1968).

Large quantities of sand have been deposited on the East Gippsland coast as beaches, barriers and dunes in Quaternary times. The sand is predominantly quartzose, with only small...


Salt Marsh Sandy Beach Barrier Island Sand Ridge Tectonic Subsidence 
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  1. Bird ECF (1978) The geomorphology of the Gippsland Lakes Region. Ministry for Conservation, Environ­mental Studies Series. Publication 186, MelbourneGoogle Scholar
  2. Jenkin JJ (1968) The geomorphology and upper cainozoic geology of south-east Gippsland, Victoria. Geological Society of Victoria, Memoir 27Google Scholar
  3. Rosengren NJ (1981) Dune systems on cuspate forelands, East Gippsland. Proc R Soc Vic 92:137–47Google Scholar
  4. Turner JS, Carr SGM and Bird ECF (1962) The dune succession at Corner Inlet. Proc R Soc Vic 75:17–33Google Scholar

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