Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms

2010 Edition
| Editors: Eric C. F. Bird

China

  • Chen Jiyu
  • Liu Cangzi
  • Dai Zhijun
  • Yu Zhiying
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8639-7_219

Introduction

With over 5,000 islands the Chinese coastline is 32,000 km long, with a continental coastline of 18,000 km. The geological structure of the coastal area is rather complex, with interlaced distribution of hilly land and low plains. The coastal topography is undulating, and the coastline rather intricate. There are two distinct coastal zones north and south of Hangzhou Bay. The coastal plain to the north has intermittent hilly land, while the coast to the south is dominated by hills with some small estuarine plains (Chen et al. 1980; Chen and Wang 1981; Wang 1980).

The Chinese coastline extends across several differ-ent climatic zones, varying greatly in natural landscape ( Fig. 20.1.1). South China lies in the tropical zone and the subtropical zone, where the hot and humid climate permits the growth of coral reefs and mangroves. The mangrove coast is widely distributed in South China, extending north to Fujian Province. The coral reef coast is found in the provinces of...

Keywords

Coral Reef Coastal Plain Sediment Yield Sand Ridge Yellow River Delta 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Chen JY, Wang BC (1981) The islands of China. In the physical geography of China. Science Press, Beijing, pp 349–365Google Scholar
  2. Chen JY, Wang BC, Liu CZ (1980) The coastal geomorphology of China. In the physical geography of China. Science Press, Beijing, pp 313–347Google Scholar
  3. Chen JY, Yu ZY, Yun CX (1959) Development of the geomorphology of the Changjiang delta. Acta Geogr 24:201–222Google Scholar
  4. Chen JY, Yun CX, Xu Haigen, Dong YF (1979) Evolution of the Changjiang estuary during the past 2,000 years. Acta Oceanol Sin 1:103–111Google Scholar
  5. Dai ZJ, Li CC, Zhang QL (2004) Fractal analysis on shoreline patterns for the crenulate-bay beaches, Southern China. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 61:65–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Pang JZ, Si SH (1979) The estuary changes of Hunghe River. I. Changes in modern time. Oceanol Limnol Sin 10:136–141Google Scholar
  7. So CL (1985) Hong Kong. In: Bird ECF, Schwartz ML (eds) The World’s Coastline. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, pp 823–828Google Scholar
  8. Wang Y (1980) The coast of China. Geosci Canada 7:109–113Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chen Jiyu
    • 1
  • Liu Cangzi
    • 1
  • Dai Zhijun
    • 1
  • Yu Zhiying
    • 1
  1. 1.Shanghai Normal University China