Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms

2010 Edition
| Editors: Eric C. F. Bird

New Brunswick and Nova Scotia

  • Eric Bird
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8639-7_20


New Brunswick and Nova Scotia are geologically part of the northern section of the Appalachian system, and consist predominantly of deformed Palaeozoic sedimentary rocks trending SW–NE. The region was strongly glaciated in Pleistocene times, notably in the Wisconsin phase. Glaciated valleys and morainic deposits are extensive in lowland areas. The climate is cold in the winter months, when shore ice may form in sheltered bays (Owens and Bowen 1977).

Atlantic ocean swell, attenuated across a broad con­tinental shelf, reaches the coast of southeastern Nova Scotia, and is refracted into the Bay of Fundy and the New Brunswick coast. There is exposure to frequent storm waves generated during the passage of cyclonic storms from west to east across the northern Atlantic. Mean spring tide ranges are commonly less than 2 m on the Atlantic coast of Nova Scotia, but they are larger in the Bay of Fundy.

New Brunswick

From the Maine border, where Croix River flows into Oak Bay, the New...


Salt Marsh Nova Scotia Barrier Beach High Spring Tide Glacial Drift 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric Bird
    • 1
  1. 1.GeostudiesMelbourneAustralia