Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms

2010 Edition
| Editors: Eric C. F. Bird

Iran

  • Rodman E. Snead
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8639-7_196

Introduction

The Iranian coastline is about 2,440 km long. A rugged escarpment at the edge of an interior plateau overlooks a coastal area of Tertiary rocks with ranges produced by Alpine folding and intermittent narrow coastal plains. The coastline runs parallel to the anticlinal ridges, one of which runs through the island of Qeshm. In the south (Laristan), there are numerous circular salt domes formed by diapiric intrusions from an underlying Cambrian salt horizon. Rivers that drain to the coast have short, steep courses.

The landscape is largely desert. The climate is hot and arid in summer and mild and rainy in winter. Mean annual rainfall decreases along the coast from 277 mm at Bushi­­re to 147 mm at Bandar Abbas and less than 130 mm at Jask and Chah Bahar. Spring thunderstorms cause sudden flooding in rivers draining to the coast, and floods leave thick deposits of mud on alluvial flats around river mouths. The Persian Gulf has summer temperatures ranging from 20° in the north...

Keywords

Coral Reef Coastal Plain Salt Dome Ancient City Bandar Abba 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Reyes JL, Pirazzoli PA, Haghipour A, Fontugne M (1998) Quaternary marine terraces and tectonic uplift rates on the south coast of Iran. Geol Soc Spec Pub 146:225–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Shearman DJ (1976) The geological evolution of southern Iran. Geogr J 142:393–410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Snead RE (1970) Physical geography of the Makran coastal plain of Iran. Geography programs, Office of Naval Research, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  4. Vita-Finzi C (1979) Rates of Holocene folding in the coastal Zargos near Bandar Abbas, Iran. Nature, 278:632–634CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Vita-Finzi C (1981) Late Quaternary deformation on the Makran coast of Iran. Z Geomorphol, Suppl(Bd.) 40:213–226Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rodman E. Snead
    • 1
  1. 1.University of New Mexico U.S.A.