Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms

2010 Edition
| Editors: Eric C. F. Bird

Egypt, Red Sea Coast

  • Anja Scheffers
  • Tony Browne
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8639-7_185


The Red Sea coast of Egypt, including the Gulfs of Suez and ‘Aqaba and the intervening Sinai Peninsula, is about 1,500 km in length.1

Egypt Red Sea Coast

Ras Hadarba (Cape Elba), just north of the Sudanese border, is a small promontory on a coast facing ENE where a pediment fronts arid mountains. There are intermittent fringing coral reefs, with gaps near the wadis that descend from the mountain front across the coastal pediment. Occasional bays and inlets, here termed sherms, indent the coastline, as at Sherm el Madfa, and mangroves also exist locally. To the north is Foul Bay, with a barrier spit fronting an open lagoon at Berenica and a peninsula running out to Ras Benas, where there are outcrops of Pliocene calcareous grits. To the north, a long section of almost straight coastline parallel to the mountains and their fronting pediments, with wadis and occasional mersas (inlets) and segments of fringing reef, extends past Quseir to Port Sarfaga. Here a larger bay is...


Coral Reef Fringe Reef Sinai Peninsula Beach Rock Wadi Araba 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Gvirtzman G, Buchbinder B, Sneh A, Nir Y, Friedman GM (1977) Morphology of the Red Sea fringing reefs: a result of the erosional pattern of the Last-Glacial low-stand sea level and the following recolonization. Mém Bureau Réch Geol Min 89:480–491Google Scholar
  2. Misak RF, Attia SH (1983) On the sand dunes of the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt J Geol 1–2:115–131Google Scholar
  3. Nir Y (1996) Sediment transport patterns of southern Sinai coasts and their role in the Holocene development of coral reefs and lagoons. J Coast Res 12:70–78Google Scholar
  4. Sneh A, Friedman GM (1984) Spit complexes along the eastern coast of the Gulf of Suez. Sediment Geol 39:211–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anja Scheffers
    • 1
  • Tony Browne
    • 1
  1. 1.Southern Cross University Australia