Egypt, Red Sea Coast
Reference work entry
The Red Sea coast of Egypt, including the Gulfs of Suez and ‘Aqaba and the intervening Sinai Peninsula, is about 1,500 km in length.1
Egypt Red Sea Coast
Ras Hadarba (Cape Elba), just north of the Sudanese border, is a small promontory on a coast facing ENE where a pediment fronts arid mountains. There are intermittent fringing coral reefs, with gaps near the wadis that descend from the mountain front across the coastal pediment. Occasional bays and inlets, here termed sherms, indent the coastline, as at Sherm el Madfa, and mangroves also exist locally. To the north is Foul Bay, with a barrier spit fronting an open lagoon at Berenica and a peninsula running out to Ras Benas, where there are outcrops of Pliocene calcareous grits. To the north, a long section of almost straight coastline parallel to the mountains and their fronting pediments, with wadis and occasional mersas (inlets) and segments of fringing reef, extends past Quseir to Port Sarfaga. Here a larger bay is...
KeywordsCoral Reef Fringe Reef Sinai Peninsula Beach Rock Wadi Araba
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- Gvirtzman G, Buchbinder B, Sneh A, Nir Y, Friedman GM (1977) Morphology of the Red Sea fringing reefs: a result of the erosional pattern of the Last-Glacial low-stand sea level and the following recolonization. Mém Bureau Réch Geol Min 89:480–491Google Scholar
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