The coastline of Kenya is about 530 km long. Essentially, the whole length of the coast forms part of the Lowland Plain (Ojany 1966, 1973), which has resulted from downwarping of the coastal basin (in Palaeozoic times), marine transgression (in Mesozoic times), and a fluctuating sea level (during Quaternary times). A number of small faults have been mapped along the coastal belt. Of these it is probably the inferred continuation of the Ruvu-Mombasa faul that has had the most significant effect on the relief of the area.
Spring tides at Kilindini have a maximum range of 4.0 m, with an average for most months between 2.5 m and 3.6 m. Malindi has a tide range of 2.9 m.
The Kenyan Coastline
KeywordsCoral Growth Fringe Reef Marine Transgression Kenya Coast Marine Platform
- Bird ECF, Guilcher A (1982) Preliminary observations on the modern fringing reefs of Kenya and the associated shore forms Rev Geomorphol Dynam 31:113–125(in French).Google Scholar
- Hori N (1970) Raised coral reefs along the southeastern coast of Kenya, East Africa. Geogr Rep Tokyo Metrop Univ 5:25–47Google Scholar
- Ojany FF (1973) Kenya: a study in physical and human geography. Longman, LondonGoogle Scholar