Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms

2010 Edition
| Editors: Eric C. F. Bird

Kenya

  • Francis Ojany
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8639-7_181

Introduction

The coastline of Kenya is about 530 km long. Essentially, the whole length of the coast forms part of the Lowland Plain (Ojany 1966, 1973), which has resulted from downwarping of the coastal basin (in Palaeozoic times), marine transgression (in Mesozoic times), and a fluctuating sea level (during Quaternary times). A number of small faults have been mapped along the coastal belt. Of these it is probably the inferred continuation of the Ruvu-Mombasa faul that has had the most significant effect on the relief of the area.

Spring tides at Kilindini have a maximum range of 4.0 m, with an average for most months between 2.5 m and 3.6 m. Malindi has a tide range of 2.9 m.

The Kenyan Coastline

The southern half of the coast is quite different from the northern half. Up to Malindi the shore sediment are mainly marine and lagoonal in origin (Abuodha 2004). In the center the Ras Ngomeni coral and coquinoid island has been joined by a sandy isthmus to the mainland, thus forming a...

Keywords

Coral Growth Fringe Reef Marine Transgression Kenya Coast Marine Platform 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Abuodha J (2004) Geomorphological evolution of the southern coastal zone of Kenya. J Afr Earth Sci 39:517–525CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ase LE (1981) Studies of shores and shoreline displacement on the southern coast of Kenya. Geogr Ann 63:303–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bird ECF, Guilcher A (1982) Preliminary observations on the modern fringing reefs of Kenya and the associated shore forms Rev Geomorphol Dynam 31:113–125(in French).Google Scholar
  4. Hori N (1970) Raised coral reefs along the southeastern coast of Kenya, East Africa. Geogr Rep Tokyo Metrop Univ 5:25–47Google Scholar
  5. Ojany FF (1966) The physique of Kenya a contribution in landscape analysis. Ann Assoc Am Geogr 56:183–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ojany FF (1973) Kenya: a study in physical and human geography. Longman, LondonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis Ojany
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Nairobi Kenya