Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms

2010 Edition
| Editors: Eric C. F. Bird


  • Francis Ojany
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8639-7_181


The coastline of Kenya is about 530 km long. Essentially, the whole length of the coast forms part of the Lowland Plain (Ojany 1966, 1973), which has resulted from downwarping of the coastal basin (in Palaeozoic times), marine transgression (in Mesozoic times), and a fluctuating sea level (during Quaternary times). A number of small faults have been mapped along the coastal belt. Of these it is probably the inferred continuation of the Ruvu-Mombasa faul that has had the most significant effect on the relief of the area.

Spring tides at Kilindini have a maximum range of 4.0 m, with an average for most months between 2.5 m and 3.6 m. Malindi has a tide range of 2.9 m.

The Kenyan Coastline

The southern half of the coast is quite different from the northern half. Up to Malindi the shore sediment are mainly marine and lagoonal in origin (Abuodha 2004). In the center the Ras Ngomeni coral and coquinoid island has been joined by a sandy isthmus to the mainland, thus forming a...


Coral Growth Fringe Reef Marine Transgression Kenya Coast Marine Platform 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis Ojany
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Nairobi Kenya