West Africa – Editorial Introduction
The African Plate began to separate from the South American Plate in Jurassic times, and the intervening area has since become the Atlantic Ocean. The West African coast has three main divisions: from the Strait of Gibraltar south to Cape Verde in Senegal; from Cape Verde to the mouth of the Congo; and from there to the Cape of Good Hope (Orme 2005). It is covered in Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Republic of Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo and Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Cabinda and Zaïre, Angola and Namibia
The Atlantic coast of Morocco runs across the axes of the Atlas Mountains, which consist of several parallel ranges produced by Alpine folding and trending northeast to southwest. There are narrow coastal plains between ridges that protrude in headlands. Rivers draining the mountains supply sediment to the coast, particularly during the rainy winter season. The mean spring tide range...
KeywordsSandstone Cretaceous Beach Jurassic Nigeria
- Orme AR (2005) Africa, coastal geomorphology. In: Schwartz ML (ed) Encyclopedia of Coastal Science. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 13–16Google Scholar