Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms

2010 Edition
| Editors: Eric C. F. Bird

Ukraine

  • Yurii Shuisky
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8639-7_132

Introduction

From the Rumanian border on the Kilijski branch of the Danube delta, the Ukraine coastline extends some 1,628 km, past the Crimea to Kerchenski Strait, the entrance to the Sea of Azov. Of this coastline, 486 km (29.9%) are erosional, 553 km (34%) stable, and 589 km (39.1%) prograded, but in recent decades some of the prograded sectors have become subject to erosion. The Ukraine coast also extends to the western part of the Sea of Azov, which is covered in a separate chapter ( Sea of Azov).

The climate is cool temperate with a cold winter, Odessa having mean monthly temperatures that range from −4°C in January to 22°C in July and a mean annual rainfall of 406 mm with a summer maximum. The prevailing onshore winds are from SW and SE, respectively, generating eastward and westward longshore drift along beaches, as indicated by the Tendra and Jarylgach spits. Tide range is very small in the northwest Black Sea.

In this Ukrainian coastal region, rock formations have been gently...

Keywords

Marine Transgression Coastal Slope Danube Delta Hilly Country Holocene Marine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Shuisky YD (1974) Processes and rate of abrasion of the Ukrainian shoreline of the Azov and Black Seas. P Geogr Soc USSR 6:117–125Google Scholar
  2. Shuisky YD, Schwartz ML (1980) Processes of development of eroding and slumping shores on the Black Sea coast. Shore Beach 48:36–39Google Scholar
  3. Shuisky YD, Schwartz ML (1981) Dynamics and morphology of barrier beaches of the Black Sea coast limans. Shore Beach 49:45–50Google Scholar
  4. Tkachenko GG (1970) Influence of tectonic movements on coastal morphology. In: Tkachenko GG et al. (ed) Geology of the coastline and bottom of the Black and Azov Seas, vol. 4. pp 27–33Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yurii Shuisky
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Odessa Ukraine