Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms

2010 Edition
| Editors: Eric C. F. Bird

Florida

  • Charles Finkl
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8639-7_10

Introduction

The nature of the Florida coastline is about 3,663 km long. Its landforms are closely tied to conditions on the continental shelves off the Gulf and Atlantic and coasts. These can be divided into six shelf zones, each associated with energy segments and sediment associations that influence coastal configuration and the character of the shore.

Tanner ( 1985) noted that wave energy was generally low on the Gulf coast (mean breaker height <4 cm, sometimes called zero wave energy) and higher on the Atlantic coast (mean breaker height about 1 m). Tide range is typically less than a metre. He considered the nature of Florida beaches, rock control of shoreline configuration, and the distribution of coastal sediment both alongshore and cross-shore ( Fig. 1.9.1).

Keywords

Sugar Quartz Beach Pleistocene Jetty 
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References

  1. Clark RR (1993) Beach conditions in Florida: a statewide inventory and identification of the beach erosion problem areas in Florida. Tallahassee: Florida Department of Environmental Pro­tection, Beaches and shores technical and design memorandum, 202, pp 89–91Google Scholar
  2. Craig-Smith SJ (2005) Cuspate forelands. In: Schwartz ML (ed) The Encyclopedia of Coastal Science, Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 354–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. FDNR (Florida Department of Natural Resources) (1985) Beach restoration. A state initiative. Tallahassee, Division of beaches and shoresGoogle Scholar
  4. Finkl CW, Benedet L, Andrews L (2005) Submarine geomorphology of the continental shelf off southeast Florida based on interpretation of airborne laser bathymetry. J Coastal Res 21:1178–1190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Robertson W, Zhang K, Finkl CW, Whitman D (2008) Hydrodynamic and geologic influence of event-dependent depth of closure along the south Florida Atlantic coast. Mar Geol 252:156–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Tanner WF (1985) Florida. In: Bird ECF, Schwartz ML (eds) The World’s Coastline, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, pp 163–167Google Scholar
  7. Tanner WF, Stapor FW (1972) Accelerating crisis in beach erosion. Int Geogr 2:1020–1021Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles Finkl
    • 1
  1. 1.Coastal PlanningBoca RatonUSA