The word “monism” does not have a clear-cut meaning and its content has been subject to frequent change and reformulations. Thus, there is disagreement what monism is actually about. On the one hand, monism – when related to religion – was suspected of being too philosophical or rationalistic to express the core essence of some religious systems (Hinduism as one of the main candidates for being a monistic religion). Not all monistic religious systems obviously hold to be ones and at a closer scrutiny do acknowledge their monistic character depending on how the rational element is represented in the unity to be achieved (The terms came under closer scrutiny like “desire to identify itself,” “permanent union,” “realize the underlying unity,” etc.). The reason for introducing the term “monism” was to offer a consistent scientific worldview, not divided in scientific and religious competence fields. Though monism was suspected of rejecting the personality of God on one hand and...
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