Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo

Muhammad, Prophet

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_730

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Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam, who received revelation from God contained in the Muslim scripture, the Qur’an (Koran). Questions surrounding the life of Muhammad continue to puzzle some, but it is safe to ascertain that he was the source of inspiration for the development of Islam into a separate monotheistic religion in the seventh to tenth centuries CE and the establishment of many of its practical aspects. The traditional Muslim sources, such as sira (account of the life of Muhammad), collections of  hadiths (reports about what the Prophet said or did, usually referred to as “traditions”), commentaries on the Qur’an, and works of history, describe the background of his life as that of the Arab pagan society which had little awareness of and connection with the established monotheistic traditions of the Near East of the seventh century CE. More recent scholarship, however, proposed to view the context of Muhammad’s life as part of what is...

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Institute of Ismaili StudiesLondonUK