Movement disorders delineate a subdiscipline of neurology and are caused by affections of the central nervous system (with is composed of the brain and spinal cord. Your brain and spinal cord serve as the main “processing center” for the entire nervous system, and control all the workings of your body). Movement disorders comprise a group of neurological conditions that are characterized by problems with movement – either unwanted movements or slowness and poverty of voluntary movement – which are a subject of diagnosis, therapy, and research. Within the central nervous system especially deep brain structures, the basal ganglia, and their interactions with other brain areas are involved in the pathophysiologyof movement disorders. Early descriptions of illnesses associated with alteration of movements as well as the anatomical distinction of cortical and subcortical brain areas go back to the Middle Ages. Systematic studies on disease entities and their pathological...
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