Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo

Methodology in Psychology

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_695

Related Terms


Methodology in psychology refers to procedures researchers use to answer specific questions. There is no single methodology that all psychologists use. Instead, different schools and disciplines within psychology employ specific methods, some unique to a given discipline, while others are common across disciplines (Todd et al. 2004). For instance, for many psychologists, methodology refers to procedures and designs that permit the identification of causal relationships between independently defined variables. An explicit method by which such relationships are identified assures that other researchers can produce identical results using the same procedures. This produces the single most important criterion identifying a discipline as a science, the public replication of causal claims. Thus, the major criteria that methodology addresses are repeatable findings by independent investigators in support of nomothetic laws or...

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Tennessee at ChattanoogaChattanoogaUSA