Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo

Medicine in Islam

  • Rabie E. Abdel-Halim
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_679

Related Terms


Medicine in Islam includes, firstly, a study of the history of Islamic medicine, the medicine practiced during the Islamic era stretching between the Greco-Roman Alexandrian times and the era of European Renaissance. Related to this first field of study is a subdiscipline in Islamic philosophy that serves to describe and clarify in objective, contemporary terms the methodological and philosophical principles that have guided the cultivation of medicine and other sciences in Islamic civilization.

Secondly, the term “Islamic medicine” also designates the currently reemerging concept of medical sciences as influenced and regulated by the worldview and ethical principles of Islam. As stated by Setia (2007), this meaning pertains to the subject matter of a discipline that serves to reformulate the concept of Islamic medicine and other sciences as a long-term creative research...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.FRCS Ed, Kuwait Prize Laureate (2005-History of Medicine)Medical Humanities, AlFaisal UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Professorial FellowFoundation of Science Technology and CivilizationManchesterUK