Medical microbiology, also known as clinical microbiology, is a subdiscipline of microbiology dealing with the study of microorganisms (parasites, fungi, bacteria, viruses, and prions) capable of infecting and causing diseases in humans (Baron et al. 2007; Isenberg 2003). As with other specialties in medicine, the evolution of medical microbiology is essentially a response to clinical needs. At its core is the study of the pathogenesis and epidemiology of these microorganisms, and its practical applications lie in the form of diagnostic and therapeutic guidance – intrinsically a supportive role in clinical practice (Baron et al. 2007). Today, virtually all tertiary hospitals worldwide will have an in-house microbiology laboratory to provide diagnostic services for infectious diseases (Isenberg 2003). Advances in interconnected disciplines such as immunology, genetics, and bioinformatics have led to the further expansion of this field,...
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