Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo

Magnetoencephalography (MEG)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_653

Related Terms

 Brain imaging;  Connectivity;  Inverse problem;  Magnetic;  Neural activity;  Oscillations;  Source localization

Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is a noninvasive brain imaging technique that records the small magnetic fields associated with electrical activity in the brain. The same electrical brain activity leads to fluctuations of electrical potentials that can be recorded at the scalp with the related measurement technique electroencephalography (EEG) Niedermeyer (2004).

MEG provides noninvasive recordings of brain activity with good spatial resolution and very high temporal resolution (about 1 ms) Hamalainen (1993). Measurements are challenged by the small amplitude of the neuromagnetic field that is typically below 10−12 T. The earth magnetic field for comparison is several orders of magnitude larger (about 10−4 T). Consequently, MEG recordings require highly sensitive detectors and efficient attenuation of environmental magnetic background activity. State-of-the-art...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive NeuroimagingUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK