Mechanics is an area of physics that studies the motions of material objects. Classical mechanics is the part of mechanics that does not deal with theory of relativity and quantum theory. Although classical mechanics does not describe reality adequately for very large speeds or very small distances, it is an active area of physics, with important recent developments and innumerable practical applications. Moreover, ideas that were first introduced within the framework of classical mechanics turned out to be very fruitful in many other areas of physics and in mathematics. The next sections will focus on the discussion of some of the important concepts of classical mechanics, presenting them in the chronological order of their historical introduction. A detailed account of the history of classical mechanics until the 1950s could be found in the monograph (Dugas 1955).
The roots of classical mechanics are in antiquity....
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0807658.
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