Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo


  • Victoria Ziva FrappolloEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_200874

Practitioners of kalam (Islamic speculative theology). Kalam seeks to prove the Muslim faith through the dialectical use of reason. The medieval kalam argument in favor of the demonstrability of the created nature of the world (a form of the cosmological argument) was opposed by Moses Maimonides on the grounds that reason does not suffice to prove either the created or eternal nature of the universe, and that our belief in creation must have its source in revelation.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Religious StudiesMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada