Multi-criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA)
Multiple-criteria decision analysis, or multiple-criteria decision-making (MDDM) is a subdiscipline of operations research that explicitly considers multiple criteria in decision-making environments. MCDA can be defined as the study of methods and procedures by which concerns about multiple conflicting criteria can be formally incorporated into the management planning process. There have been important advances in this field since the start of the modern multiple criteria decision-making discipline in the early 1960s. Different schools of thought have developed for solving MCDM problems, being the most known the multiobjective mathematical programming school, the goal programming school, the French school with its outranking methods, the evolutionary multiobjective optimization school, the analytic hierarchy process, the fuzzy-set theory, or the multiattribute utility theory.