Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo

Mathematics in Judaism

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_1607

Description

“Mathematics and Judaism” concerns the interface between mathematics and Judaism and examines the use of mathematical principles within Judaism. This domain has not yet established itself as a discipline. Rather, one finds references to this subject matter in analyses of mathematical elements within Jewish literature: the Hebrew Bible, the Mishna, and the Talmud. The analyses of these tracts suggest basic level of mathematics and little interest within Judaism in mathematics per se, with almost no presence of mathematical abstraction. Ancient Jewish literature adduces concise and practical mathematical information pertinent to daily life and religious matters and helps ensure precise adherence to Jewish law (Hebrew: Halakha).

In the Book of Exodus one finds a wide range of numerical data on sizes and weights which are part of the prescription to the Israelites of how to build the various parts of the temple and the elements within. In 1Kings 7:23, the ratio between the...

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References

  1. Aumann, R. J., & Maschler, M. (1985). Game theoretic analysis of a bankruptcy problem from the Talmud. Journal of Economic Theory, 36, 195–213.Google Scholar
  2. Freudenthal, G. (1995). Science in the medieval Jewish culture of southern France. History of Science, 33, 23–58.Google Scholar
  3. Lévy, T. (2004). Maïmonide et les sciences mathématiques. In T. Lévy & R. Rashed (Eds.), Maïmonide philosophe et savant (1138-1204) (pp. 219–252). Peeters: Leuven.Google Scholar
  4. Rabinovich, N. L. (1973). Probability and statistical interference in ancient and medieval Jewish literature. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
  5. Sarfatti, G. B. (1969). Mathematical terminology in Hebrew scientific literature of the middle ages. Jerusalem: Magnes Press.Google Scholar
  6. Steinschneider, M. (1964). In A. Goldberg (Ed.), Mathematik bei den Juden. Hildesheim: G. Olms.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Hebrew & Jewish StudiesUniversity College LondonLondonUK