# Mathematics and Religion

**DOI:**https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_1582

## Related Terms

## Description

Mathematics and religion is a subdiscipline of the science and religion discipline, which studies the relations between mathematics and the metaphysical language of religions.

We can distinguish three historical stages in the relations between mathematics and religion (Leach 2010).

### First Stage: Deductive Rationality

In this first stage, situated in time in the Greece of Pythagoras and Euclid of Alexandria, mathematics used deductive rationality to demonstrate theorems for the first time. Previous to the Greek epoch, several types of algorithms and mathematical relations were known in Egypt, India, China, and Babylon, but the deductive demonstration of mathematical theorems such as the theorem of Pythagoras or the theorems which appear in *Euclid’s Elements* had not been developed. As from Greek mathematics, deductive rationality was incorporated as a fundamental characteristic of mathematical language.

At the same time as Greek...

### References

- Helge, K., & Marie, V. N. (Eds.). (2010).
*God – a mathematician*? Proceedings of the Danish Science-Theology Forum (Vol. 5). Denmark: University of Aarhus.Google Scholar - Leach, J. (2007).
*Mathematical rationality and reality, metaphysical and theological consecuences*(Vol. 63 núm. 238, pp. 693–711). Madrid: Pensamiento.Google Scholar - Leach, J. (2008).
*Mathematics, reason and religion*. (Vol. 64 núm. 242, pp. 639–663). Madrid: Pensamiento.Google Scholar - Leach, J. (2010).
*Mathematics and religion. Our languages of sign and symbol*(Templeton science and religion series). West Conshohocken, PA: Templeton Press.Google Scholar