Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo

Metaphysics, Darwinian

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_1567

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“Darwinian metaphysics” may be seen as a compound of two antonyms, since Darwinism has often been treated as a scientific theory opposing religious and philosophical kinds of metaphysics. Correspondingly, the use of such term may appear provocative, almost as if one were using “Darwinian religion” to designate a general Darwinian approach. The approach and the term itself, therefore, are bound to elicit criticism from positivistic as well as metaphysical positions. Nevertheless, “Darwinian metaphysics” appears to be a suitable term for all historic or recent approaches claiming that Darwinian processes essentially offer a universal account of biology, culture, and our very being. Although Charles Darwin did indeed mainly concentrate on biology, he speculated that his theory would at least “give zest […] to whole metaphysics” (Notebook B, p. 228). Before we discuss Darwinian metaphysics in the narrow sense, based on a radicalization of...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversität HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany