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Abhidhamma, Southern

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Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions
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Abhidhamma Piṭaka; Abhidharma; Philosophy in Buddhism; Psychology in Buddhism


Abhidhamma (Pāḷi) (; is the third division or basket (piṭaka) of the Tipiṭaka or Pāḷi canon, the foundation of Theravāda Buddhism. While similar, slightly different kinds of Abhidharma (Sanskrit) belong to the various Mahāyāna traditions or to the Hinayāna schools, the latter having perished already. “Abhidhamma” literally means the higher or special teaching (of the Buddha). It is a huge collection of systematically arranged, tabulated, and scientifically classified teachings of the Buddha, representing the quintessence of his teachings, timeless and independent of culture, race, and gender. Abhidhamma is the Buddhist philosophy, describing the reality and truth completely. Abhidhamma is also the Buddhist psychology, dealing mainly with mental phenomena and explaining in detail how the mind works and how it can be liberated.

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Correspondence to Ven. Agganyani .

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© 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

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Agganyani, V. (2013). Abhidhamma, Southern. In: Runehov, A.L.C., Oviedo, L. (eds) Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions. Springer, Dordrecht.

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