Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo

Media Studies

  • Jill Dierberg
  • Lynn Schofield Clark
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_1424

Media studies as a discipline draws upon roots in early twentieth century social theory and literary criticism. At that time, scholars in the USA and the UK were concerned with social problems arising in relation to industrialization. Scholars such as Robert E. Park, W.I. Thomas, George Herbert Mead, and Florian Znaniecki in what is known as the Chicago school of sociology questioned how well new immigrant communities were adjusting to urban life which led John Dewey to ponder whether the then new medium of newspapers would assist in securing a greater sense of community and led Herbert Blumer to oversee the first empirical studies of the impact of films on children and young adults. At the same time, literary critics in the UK, Frank R. and Queenie R. Leavis, were concerned that industrialization would destroy the cultural continuity of English language and literature. Unlike the New Critics of the USA at the time, Frank R. Leavis was concerned that fiction and poetry could not be...

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References

  1. Blumer, H. (1933). Movies and conduct. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  2. Chomsky, N. (2003). Media control, second edition: The spectacular achievements of propaganda. Open Media, San Francisco. See also Herman, E., & Chomsky, N. (2002). Manufacturing consent: The political economy of the mass media. Pantheon, New York.Google Scholar
  3. Gans, H. (1999) Popular culture and high culture. Beacon Books, New York. See also Gans, H. (1980) Deciding what's news: A study of CBS evening news, NBC nightly news, Newsweek, and Time. Vintage Books, London.Google Scholar
  4. Gitlin, T. (2003). The whole world is watching: Mass media and the making and unmaking of the left. Berkely: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  5. Gramsci, A. (1971). Selections from the prison notebooks of Antonio Gramsci. New York: International Publishers.Google Scholar
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  7. Horkheimer, M., & Adorno, T. W. (1976). The culture industry: Enlightenment as mass deception (J. Cumming, Trans.). In Dialectic of Enlightenment (pp. 120–167). Continuum International Publishing Group. See also Marcuse, H. (1964). One-dimensional man: Studies in the ideology of advanced industrial society. Boston: Beacon.Google Scholar
  8. Leavis, Q. D. (1932). Fiction and the reading public. London: Chatto & Windus.Google Scholar
  9. Thomas, W. I., & Znaniecki, F. (1918). The polish peasant in Europe and America: Monograph of an immigrant group. Boston: Badgarm.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Communication and Digital MediaCarthage CollegeWIUSA
  2. 2.University of DenverDenverUSA