Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo

Modernity in Buddhism and in Islam

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_1049

Related Terms

 Allah;  Buddha

Modern Appeal of Buddhism

Description

Amid the growing trend of secularization throughout the world, the appeal of Buddhism continues to increase. Buddhism, one of the oldest existing religions, continues to attract practitioners, not only in traditionally Buddhism territories, such as China and Japan, but also in the Western world. Important to this modern appeal, Buddhism gives the follower a complete and total way-of-being in the world that is directed toward the maximization of the individual’s spiritual, mental, and physical well-being. Even the lay Buddhist adherent attempts to implement Buddhist thought and meditation in every act of living, thus allowing the Four Noble Truths and the Eight Fold Path to guide his or her life.

The Eight fold Pathis developed by Siddhartha Gautama, and it is the way toward the liberation of the individual from his attachments and delusions. The ultimate goal is the cessation of suffering. They are broken up into...

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References

Islam

  1. Haddad, Y. Y. (2002). Muslims in the west: From sojourners to citizens. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Rahman, F. (1982). Islam and modernity: Transformation of an intellectual tradition. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  3. Ramadan, T. (2004). Western Muslims and the future of Islam. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Rippin, A. (2006). Muslims: Their religious beliefs and practices. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  5. Shepard, W. (2009). Introducing Islam. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar

Buddhism

  1. Fromm, E., & Suzuki, D. T. (1970). Psychoanalysis and Zen Buddhism. New York: HarperCollins.Google Scholar
  2. Goldstein, J. (2003). One dharma: The emerging Western Buddhism. New York: HarperOne.Google Scholar
  3. Lopez, D. (Ed.). (2004). Buddhists scriptures. New York: Penguin Classics.Google Scholar
  4. Izutsu, T. (2001). Toward a philosophy of Zen Buddhism. Boston: Shambhala.Google Scholar
  5. Segall, S. R. (Ed.). (2003). Encountering Buddhism: Western psychology and Buddhist teachings. New York: SUNY Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Olivet CollegeOlivetUSA