Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Fungus Moths (Lepidoptera: Tineidae)

  • John B. Heppner
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_3921
Fungus moths (Fig. 99), family Tineidae, comprise the first very large family of Lepidoptera, with about 2,160 described species; actual world fauna probably exceeds 4,000 species. The family is part of the superfamily Tineoidea, in the section Tineina, subsection Tineina, of the division Ditrysia. The family is divided into 16 subfamilies (many have been considered as separate families by some specialists in the past): Euplocaminae, Myrmecozelinae, Harmacloninae, Meessiinae, Dryadaulinae, Scardiinae, Nemapogoninae, Tineinae, Setomorphinae, Perissomasticinae, Hapsiferinae, Hieroxestinae, Erechthiinae, Siloscinae, Stathmopolitinae, and Teichobiinae. Adults minute to medium size (5–54 mm wingspan), usually with rough head scaling (a few have smooth-scaled heads); haustellum naked (unscaled); maxillary palpi long, 5-segmented (rarely 3- segmented). Maculation mostly somber grays or brown shades, with various speckling spots, but some tropical species colorful (e.g., genus Coryptilumfrom...
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References

  1. Davis DR (1978) The North American moths of the genera Phaeoses, Opogona, and Oinophila, with a discussion of their supergeneric affinities (Lepidoptera: Tineidae). Smithsonian Contrib Zool 282:1–39Google Scholar
  2. Gozmány LA, Vári L (1973) The Tineidae of the Ethiopian region. Transvaal Mus Mem 18:1–238Google Scholar
  3. Robinson GS (1979) Clothes-moths of the Tinea pellionella complex: a revision of the world’s species (Lepidoptera: Tineidae). Bull British Mus (Nat Hist), Entomology 38: 57–128.Google Scholar
  4. Robinson GS, Nielsen ES (1993) Tineid Genera of Australia. In: Monographs of Australian Lepidoptera, vol 2. CSIRO, Melbourne, 344 ppGoogle Scholar
  5. Zagulajev AK (1960–1979) Tineidae. In: Fauna USSR. Lepidoptera, 4(3):1–267 (1960); 4(2):1–424 (1964); 4(4):1–126 (1973); 4(6):1–408 (1979). Academie Nauk USSR, [in Russian], St. PetersburgGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • John B. Heppner
    • 1
  1. 1.Florida State Collection of ArthropodsGainesvilleUSA