Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae)

  • Gary J. Steck
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_3902
The family Tephritidae is a member of the large and phylogenetically complicated group known as acalyptrate flies.
  • Order: Diptera
    • Suborder: Brachycera
      • Infraorder: Muscomorpha
        • Section: Schizophora
          • Subsection: Acalyptratae
            • Superfamily: Tephritoidea

Other families included in the same superfamily are Lonchaeidae, Pallopteridae, Piophilidae, Platystomatidae, Pyrgotidae, Richardiidae, and Ulidiidae (= Otitidae).

The family comprises over 4,300 described species, which are distributed throughout temperate and tropical regions of the world. The Tephritidae may be further subdivided into six subfamilies, Tachiniscinae, Blepharoneurinae, Phytalmiinae, Trypetinae, Dacinae, and Tephritinae. Only the subfamilies Trypetinae and Tephritinae are represented in all of the major biogeographic regions.

Other insects are sometimes called “fruit flies,” particularly the Drosophilidae, but they are not closely related.

Adult

One of the prominent features of the family is the presence in females of a...

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References

  1. Aluja M, Norrbom AL (eds) (1999) Fruit flies (Tephritidae): phylogeny and evolution of behavior. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FLCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Foote RH, Blanc FL, Norrbom AL (1993) Handbook of the fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of America north of Mexico. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Robinson AS, Hooper G (eds) (1989) In: Helle W (ed) Fruit flies. Their biology, natural enemies, and control. World crop pests, vol 3(A) & vol 3(B). Elsevier, Amsterdam, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  4. Tan KH (ed) (2000) Area-wide control of fruit flies and other insect pests. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang, MalaysiaGoogle Scholar
  5. Thompson FC (ed) (1999) Fruit fly expert identification system and systematic information database, Myia, vol 9. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  6. White IM, Elson-Harris M (1992) Fruit flies of economic significance: their identification and bionomics. International Institute of Entomology, London, UKGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gary J. Steck
    • 1
  1. 1.Florida State Collection of ArthropodsGainesvilleUSA