Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Fringe-Tufted Moths (Lepidoptera: Epermeniidae)

  • John B. Heppner
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_3889
Fringe-tufted moths, family Epermeniidae, total 102 species, with many being Palearctic (36 sp.) and Australian (23 sp.). There are two subfamilies: Epermeniinae and Ochromolopinae. The family is part of the superfamily Copromorphoidea in the section Tineina, subsection Tineina, of the division Ditrysia. Adults small (8–20 mm wingspan), with head smooth-scaled; haustellum naked; labial palpi upturned; maxillary palpi 3-segmented. Wings narrow, with fringes longer on hindwings and scale tufts on forewing margin (Fig. 87). Maculation rather somber shades of brown, with various mostly darker markings. Adults are diurnal or crepuscular. Larvae are leafminers, leaf skeletonizers, or borers of seeds, fruits, or buds; a few are gall makers. Host records include several plant families.
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References

  1. Buszko J, Skalski AW (1980) Epermeniidae, Schreckensteiniidae. In: Klucze do Oznaczania Owadów Polski. 27. Motyle – Lepidoptera, 22–23:1–35. Polskie Towardzystwo Entomologiczne [in Polish]Google Scholar
  2. Gaedike R (1966) Die Genitalien der europäischen Epermeniidae (Lepidoptera: Epermeniidae). Beiträge zur Entomologie 16:633–692Google Scholar
  3. Gaedike R (1976) Die Epermeniidae der äthiopischen Region (Lepidoptera). Beiträge zur Entomologie 26:451–454Google Scholar
  4. Gaedike R (1977) de Revision der nearktischen und neotropischen Epermeniidae (Lepidoptera). Beiträge zur Entomologie 27:301–312Google Scholar
  5. Gaedike R (1996) de Epermeniidae. In: Lepidopterorum Catalogus, (n.s.). Fasc 48 [47] Association for Tropical Lepidoptera, Gainesville, 20 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • John B. Heppner
    • 1
  1. 1.Florida State Collection of ArthropodsGainesvilleUSA